The Importance of Sport and Exercise Psychology Essay
1050 Words5 Pages
Sport and exercise psychology is a mandatory aspect of the sport science discipline. This discipline contributes to the various professional practices associated with physical activities such as - teaching of physical education, recreation and health promotion, and kinesiology related professions - because it plays a mental role for the participants. Sport and exercise psychologists view physical activity in several different ways: physical activity as a tool for health, physical activity as a tool for human potential, and physical activity as a tool for social change. This aspect of psychology may be the most important aspect of physical activity, because of the contributions of exercise and sport psychology to health, human potential,…show more content…
This psychological determination is what a fitness consultant may attempt to implant in a client. The importance of psychology in physical activity has flourished as educators and recreation promoters are better able to understand how the importance of health is view by their participants.
Exercise and sport psychology is thought to be an extremely important aspect of physical activity and sport, which allow people to reach their human potential. The importance of exercise and sport psychology in increasing human potential can be seen by looking at how it affects high performance athletes, sport consultants, and the usage of visualization and imagery in this discipline. High performance athletes are consistently near their maximum potential as far as physical ability and strength are concerned. This has caused views to be shifted towards exercise and sport psychology to help the athletes take the next step towards their final goals. To take this next step, exercise and sport psychologists look at several areas. For example, they may look at competitiveness, emotional control, mental toughness, positive attitude, safety consciousness, and team orientation of an athlete to help establish where the athlete would be able to improve mentally (Jones, Neuman, Altmann, & Dreschler, 2001). Once the specific area they wish to improve has been found, they can begin to work with the athlete to
Violence and Sport
- Length: 718 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Violence and Sports
The lone man to be charged with a felony in the incident was Bryant Jackson. He was the man Oakland County Police (OCPD) say threw a chair into the crowd during the fight. He was charged with felonious batter, according to the OCPD and various wire reports. No, this is not just some random fight that occurred, this was an arrest at a recent National Basketball Association game between the Detroit Pistons and the Indiana Pacers. This violence is something that is starting to occur more and more. It seems to be a common theme, and one that does not even obtain a double-take, sports and violence the two seem to go hand-in-hand. Professional athletes such as Latrell Sprewell, Todd Bertuzzi, and Ron Artest have made common names for themselves with the violence they have endured in their respective sports.
Some sports are violent by nature. Boxing is the obvious example, where physical attack is the point of the exercise. There has been much debate over the sport with many calling for its abolition. Other sports, such as wrestling and the martial arts, also involve one-on-one unarmed combat. These forms of "violence" are within the rules of the sport and the possibility of injury is well known by participants.
Then there is a range of contact sports, particularly the football codes, where there is punishing body contact within the rules but also the scope for borderline or unintentional "violence" such as late tackles, high tackles and tackles on players without the ball. These tactics can be, and are also, used intentionally. However, the use of video replays over recent years has made these tactics more risky for the perpetrators, especially in professional sports where suspension can lead to a significant loss of income.
As we enter the year the beginning stages of 2005, one has to wonder if this violence is going to continue or if the leagues, sports and the people themselves will start to gain some kind of control and realize this is sprot and such violence cannot continue. The fans are even getting themselves invovled. One factor in the increase in violence among fans is an emotional disconnection from their own lives. They have difficulty empathizing with others' pain. Some of this is caused by watching violence on television and computer screens. If you watch the reaction of the first base umpire and the second baseman of the Chicago White Sox in the incident you mentioned, you can see that they watch the violent event and don't get involved.
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They don't connect with what is really happening.
Another factor is the excessive importance of winning. This "win at all costs" mentality has spread from the pros into the sports of our children as well. There was a tragic incident at an ice skating rink. A father killed his son's coach in front of the entire hockey team over some disagreement about coaching methods. A new form of father-son bonding event is growing. "Let's spend the afternoon together and beat up the coach." Sports organizations have become more aware of the growing danger that players, fans and now coaches are exposed to at these events. New rules and policies have been initiated in an attempt to stem the tide. This is especially true since the trauma of 9/11/01. In an attempt to reduce violence, stadiums have also limited the sale of alcohol - which is often the fuel for aggressive behavior. Major league baseball has mandated that no beer should be sold after the sixth inning.
More needs to be done to resolve the issue. In order to have a significant impact, players are going to need to become involved. Fans - both young and old - emulate what they see their heroes doing. It follows then that there will only be a reduction in fan violence when the payers themselves decrease their aggression.
While the "aggressive" vs. "excessive" line remains hard to draw, the need to define and implement clear standards of behavior becomes even more important for players, spectators, and league officials. As economic pressures become greater, equipment becomes stronger, and as the stakes increase, games become more violent. As a result, the leagues and courts must continue to strike a delicate balance between promoting aggressive play and controlling excessive violence in each sport.