Assignment Rescue Video French


War Seen from the Grassroot Perspective. A poem by Hermann Friedrich Honold, ex-combattant

Catalog for Congressional Bills Database, 104th Congress

The Seattle Times - Feb. 7, 1996



Hidden Hands - Painting with the Enemy. A war on two fronts




Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die? by Lawrence A. Jarvik (1982)

Chambon Foundation web site for Fry-related articles, materials and links


Assembled by Anita Kassof, US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC.


1a. Memoirs

Fittko, Lisa. "Escape through the Pyrenees". Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL. 1991 (ISBN 0-8101-0989-1).

Fry, Varian. "Assignment:Rescue". Scholastic, Inc., New York, NY. 1968. (Obtainable at Barnes and Noble bookstores. ISBN 0-590-46970-3).

Fry, Varian. "Surrender on Demand". Johnson Books, 1880 S. 57th St., Boulder, CO. 1997 (ISBN 1-55566-209-9).

Fry, Varian. "La Liste Noire". In French. Plon, Paris. 1999 (ISBN 2-259-18972-5).

Gold, Mary Jane. "Crossroads Marseilles 1940". Doubleday & Co., New York, NY. 1980 (Out of print). French translation "Marseille, Anne'e 40." Editions Phe'bus, Paris. 2001 (ISBN 2-85940-717-0). Preface by Edmonde Charles-Roux, Postscript by Pierre Sauvage. (for more information see

Meyerhof, Walter. "IN THE SHADOW OF LOVE, Stories from my Life." Fithiam Press. 2002 (ISBN 1-56474-393-4) See web site.

1b. Books about Varian Fry

Isenberg, Sheila. "A HERO OF OUR OWN, the Story of Varian Fry". Random House, New York. 2001. (ISBN 0-37550221-1).(See for more information)

Marino, Andy. "A Quiet American; the Secret War of Varian Fry". St. Martin's Press, New York, NY. 1999 (ISBN 0-312-20356-X). Also published under the title "The American Pimpernel; the Secret War of Varian Fry", Hutchinson, United Kingdom. 1999 (ISBN 009-1800-53-6).

Rosenberg, Justus. "Varian Fry biography." American National Biography Online, Oxford University Press, New York. 2002.

2. History - Vichy France.

Marrus, Michael R. and Paxton, Robert O. "Vichy France and the Jews". Schocken Books, New York, NY. 1983.

Paxton, Robert O. "Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940-44." Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY. 1972.

Ryan, Donna F. "The Holocaust and the Jews of Marseilles: The Enforcement of Anti-Semitic Policies in Vichy France." University of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL. 1996.

Zuccottii, Susan. "The Holocaust, the French, and the Jews." Basic Books, New York, NY. 1993.

3. History - America and the Holocaust.

Breitman, Richard and Kraut, Alan M. "American Refugee Policy and European Jewry, 1933-1945." Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN. 1987.

Feingold, Henry. "The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust 1938-1945." Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ. 1970.

Morse, Arthur D. "While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy." Secker & Warburg, London. 1968.

Wyman, David S. "Paper Walls: America and the Refugee Crisis, 1938-1941." Pantheon Books, New York, NY. 1985.

4. History - Refugee Emigration.

Baron, Stephanie with Sabine Eckmann. "Exiles and Emigres. The Flight of European Artists from Hitler." Los Angeles and New York: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Harry N. Abrams, 1997.

Coser, Lewis A. "Refugee Scholars in America: Their Impact and their Experiences." Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

Heilbut, Anthony. "Exiled in Paradise: German Refugee Artists and Intellectuals from the 1930s to the Present." Viking Press, New York, NY. 1962.

Jackman, Jarrell C. and Borden, Carla M., eds. "The Muses Flee Hitler: Cultural Transfer and Adaptation, 1930-1945." Smithonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 1983. (See especially, McCabe, Cynthia Jaffee "Wanted by the Gestapo, Saved by America - Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee." p. 79).

Sawin, Martika. "Surrealism in Exile and the Beginning of the New York School." The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 1995.

Von zur Muehlen, Patrik. "Fluchtweg Spanien-Portugal." (In German.) J.H.W. Dietz, Publ., In der Raste 2, 5300 Bonn 1, Germany. 1992.


Berman, Elizabeth Kessin, "Moral Triage or Cultural Salvage? The Agendas of Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee," In Baron, Stephanie with Sabine Eckmann. Exiles and Emigres. The Flight of European Artists from Hitler. Los Angeles and New York: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Harry N. Abrams, 1997, p. 99.

Carroll, Donald. "Escape from Vichy." American Heritage, Vol. 34, No. 4, June/July 1983, p. 82.

Carroll, Donald. "The Saviour." The Independent Magazine, London, March 11, 1995, p. 32.

Hughes, Robert. "A Cultural Gift from Hitler." Time, March 24, 1997, ART section. (See also Time, letter by Walter Meyerhof, April 21, 1997).

Kazin, Alfred. "Homage to Varian Fry." The New Republic, Feb. 9,1998, p. 27.

Pfefferman, Naomi. "The American Schindler." Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, February 28, 1997, p. 10.

Price, Sean. "Rescued from the Holocaust." (A middle school play about Varian Fry's mission.) Junior Scholastic, April 27, 1998, p. 10.

Sauvage, Pierre. "Varian Fry in Marseille", in John K. Roth and Elisabeth Maxwell, eds. Remembering for the Future: the Holocaust in an Age of Genocide. Palgrave, London and New York. 2001.

Sauvage, Pierre. "Americans Who Cared", in Zev Garber and Richard Libowitz, eds. Peace, In Deed: Essays in Honor of Harry James Cargas. Atlanta Scholars Press. 1998. (for more information, see

Trueheart, Charles. "Smuggler of The Lost Souls." The Washington Post, May 16, 2000, C1.

Urrows, Henry and Elisabeth. "Varian Fry." Harvard Magazine, March-April 1990, P. 43.


Emergency Rescue Committee files, Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933-1945, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, Adickesallee 1, D-60322 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. [From U.S., Tel. 011-49-69-1525-1900, Fax 011-49-69-1525-1959, E-mail eckert@dbf.dd].

Unitarian Service Committee files and lists of clients of American Relief Committee, Marseilles, Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Manuscripts and Archives Office, Harvard Divinity School, 45 Francis Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138. [Tel. (617) 496-5153, Fax (617) 496-4111, E-mail].

Varian Fry Collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Butler Library, Sixth Floor, Columbia University, 535 114th Street, New York, NY 10027. [Tel. (212) 854-8481, Fax (212) 854-1365].

Photographer YLLA. "Varian Fry in the Offices of the Centre Americain de Secours, Marseilles, 1941." Photographic Archives, The Museum of Modern Art, 11 West 53rd Street, New York, NY 10019. [Tel. (212) 708-9535, Fax (212) 333-1215].

The Chambon Foundation maintains links to archival collections relevant to Varian Fry and some of his coworkers.


Alles, Karen. "Das Letzte Visum (The Last Visa)". 1988. Germanand English versions, 1 1/2 hours each. Hessischer Rundfunk, Bertramstrasse 8, 60320 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Tel. 011-49-69-155-2029.

Bundschuh, Joerg. "Villa Air-Bel. Varian Fry in Marseilles, 1940-41". 1987. German version and English version, 1 1/2 hours each. Kick Film GMBH, Atlanta Haus, Gotzinger Strasse 48, 81371 Munich, Germany. Tel. 011-49-89-7471-030, Fax 011-49-89-7471-0366.

Jarvik, Lawrence A. "Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die". 1982. See WEB RESOURCES.

Kaplan, Richard. "The Exiles". 1989. Parts 1 and 2, 1 hour each. Richard Kaplan Production, 290 West End Avenue, New York, NY 10023. Tel. and Fax (212) 787-0258. E-mail

Kaplan, Richard. "Assignment: Rescue, the story of Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee," narrated by Meryl Streep. 26 min. 1997. Also available as educational kit, together with teacher and student guides and Fry autobiography "Assignment: Rescue". Videotransform, 930 Commercial Street, Palo Alto, CA 94303-4907. Tel. (650) 494-1529; order only Tel. (800) 253-7678; Fax (650) 494-7219. See for more details. Colleges and other institutions of higher learning can obtain a higher level educational kit at a minimum cost by sending an e-mail to or by calling (845) 758-9389. Video also available in French (SECAM or NSTC format) under the title "Mission: Sauvetage, Varian Fry et l'Emergency Rescue Committee". 1999.

Kaplan, Richard. "VARIAN AND PUTZI, A Twentieth Century Tale". 2002. Richard Kaplan Productions, 290 West End Ave., New York, NY 10023. Tel. and Fax (212) 787-0258. E-mail

Okefuna, David. "The Artists' Schindler." 1997. 30 and 50 minute versions. RM Arts, 46 Great Marlborough Street, London W1. Tel. 011-44-171-439-2637; Fax 011-44-439-2316.

Wehn-Damisch, Teri. "Marseilles-New York: L'Etat de Piege ou La Filiere Marseillaise." 1986-87. In French. Teri Wehn-Damisch, 5 rue Servandoni, 75006 Paris, France. Tel. 011-331-43-54-63-33, Fax 011-331-43-29-74-41.

Other full-length videos presently in production:

Sauvage, Pierre. "And Crown Thy Good: Varian Fry in Mareilles." Chambon Foundation, 8033 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90046. Tel (323) 650-1774, Fax (323) 654-4689. (See web site)


Streisand, Barbra, Sis Corman, and Edward Wessex, Executive Producers. Lionel Chetwynd, Director. "Varian's War", starring William Hurt, Julia Ormond, Matt Craven, Alan Arkin, and Lynn Redgrave. Showtime TV. 2001. See,

This story chronicles Varian Fry’s heroic efforts to help political and intellectual refugees escape Nazi-controlled Vichy France in 1940 and 1941. An urbane Harvard graduate working as an editor in New York, Fry volunteered for the Emergency Rescue Committee’s project to bring 200 individuals from the French port city of Marseille to safety. Unable to gain cooperation from the French government or the American Consulate in Marseille, Fry established a clandestine operation by which artists, writers, philosophers, and their families—Jews and non-Jews alike—were spirited away to safety. By the time the French expelled Fry in September 1941, he and his colleagues had managed to save some 2,000 refugees, including Max Ernst, Marcel Duchamp, Hannah Arendt, and Andre Breton.

When Fry returned to New York, he recounted his story, but few listened. Fry died unexpectedly in 1967 with the pages of his memoirs scattered about him; the police officer who discovered them dismissed them as an apparent "work of fiction." Not until 1991 did an American institution recognize Fry’s work when the United States Holocaust Memorial Council posthumously awarded him its Eisenhower Liberation Medal. In 1994, Yad Vashem honored Varian Fry as the first American "Righteous Among the Nations."

"Fry's life is a vivid reminder that one person can make a difference."

—Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, Illinois), 1999

More Information

Varian Fry (Holocaust Encyclopedia article)

Rescue (Holocaust Encyclopedia article)

Past venues

Varian Fry: Assignment Rescue 1940–1941 appeared in the following venues:


Mahwah, NJ
September 1, 2010 through October 8, 2010
Ramapo College of New Jersey
Berrie Center Art Galleries

Albuquerque, NM
March 1, 2010 through April 30, 2010
Holocaust and Intolerance Museum of New Mexico


Spartanburg, SC
February 2, 2009 through March 5, 2009
University of South Carolina Upstate


Rochester, NY
October 16, 2008 through November 9, 2008
Jewish Community Center of Greater Rochester

Baltimore, MD
April 29, 2008 through May 9, 2008
University of Baltimore Law School

Aurora, CO
January 8, 2008 through April 27, 2008
Aurora History Museum


Terre Haute, IN
October 4, 2007 through October 31, 2007

Minneapolis, MN
October 1, 2007 through November 1, 2007
The American Swedish Institute

Niceville, FL
January 15, 2007 through February 25, 2007
Okaloosa-Walton College Arts Center Galleries


Monmouth, IL
August 25, 2006 through October 26, 2006
Buchanan Center for the Arts

La Jolla, CA
May 12, 2006 through June 4, 2006
Lawrence Family Jewish Community Center
with the International Rescue Committee

Tucson, AZ
April 3, 2006 through May 2, 2006
Southwestern Fair Commission, Inc.
at the Pima County Fairgrounds

Topeka, KS
April 1, 2006 through April 30, 2006
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site

Pittsburgh, PA
March 6, 2006 through May 8, 2006
American Jewish Museum of the Jewish Community Center of Greater Pittsburgh


Roswell, NM
August 30, 2005 through September 30, 2005
New Mexico Military Institute

Martin, TN
August 16, 2005 through October 7, 2005
University of Tennessee at Martin, University Museum

Richmond, IN
July 17, 2005 through August 19, 2005
Indiana University East Library

Waterloo, IA
June 17, 2005 through September 3, 2005
Grout Museum of History and Science

Tulsa, OK
April 17, 2005 through June 5, 2005
The Sherwin Miller Museum of Jewish Art

Muskegon, MI
April 17, 2005 through May 12, 2005
Muskegon Museum of Art

Point Lookout, MO
March 1, 2005 through April 3, 2005
Ralph Foster Museum, College of the Ozarks

Salem, OR
February 4, 2005 through April 16, 2005
Mission Mill Museum


Fort Morgan, CO
September 1, 2004 through November 30, 2004
Fort Morgan Museum

Portsmouth, VA
July 23, 2004 through October 3, 2004
Portsmouth Museum–Courthouse Galleries

Scottsdale, AZ
March 28, 2004 through June 30, 2004
Sylvia Plotkin Judaica Museum

Checotah, OK
January 22, 2004 through February 10, 2004
Jim Lucas Checotah Public Library


Atlanta, GA
September 15, 2003 through December 28, 2003
William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum

Houston, TX
April 3, 2003 through August 17, 2003
Holocaust Museum Houston

Syracuse, NY
March 7, 2003 through March 27, 2003
Atonement Lutheran Church
with Appleseed Productions


East Lansing, MI
November 15, 2002 through June 15, 2003
Michigan State University Museum

Huntington, WV
June 5, 2002 through June 21, 2002
Marshall University

South Charleston, WV
May 20, 2002 through June 1, 2002
South Charleston Public Library
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission

Wheeling, WV
May 6, 2002 through May 16, 2002
Ohio County Public Library
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission

Detroit, MI
May 2, 2002 through June 27, 2002
Janice Charach Epstein Gallery/Jewish Community Center of Greater Detroit

Morgantown, WV
April 22, 2002 through May 1, 2002
Morgantown Public Library
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission

Fort Wayne, IN
April 10, 2002 through April 30, 2002
Allen County Ft. Wayne Historical Society
with the Jewish Federation

Princeton, WV
April 9, 2002 through April 19, 2002
Congregation Ahavat Sholom
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission

Pocatello, ID
March 25, 2002 through April 18, 2002
Idaho State University

Clarksburg, WV
March 12, 2002 through April 5, 2002
Clarksburg-Harrison Public Library
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission


Ridgewood, NJ
November 3, 2001 through December 14, 2001
Ridgewood Public Library

North York, ONT, Canada
September 30, 2001 through November 11, 2001
Koffler Art Center

Mansfield, OH
May 1, 2001 through May 31, 2001
Mansfield/Richland County Public Library

St. Louis, MO
April 11, 2001 through April 27, 2001
AR-PERSCOM (Army Reserve Base)

El Paso, TX
March 1, 2001 through April 1, 2001
Centennial Museum, U Texas at El Paso

Dallas, TX
January 1, 2001 through March 31, 2001
Biblical Arts Center
with the Dallas Memorial Center For Holocaust Studies


Davie, FL
October 25, 2000 through November 30, 2000
David Posnack Jewish Community Center

St. Louis, MO
October 1, 2000 through December 1, 2000
St. Louis Holocaust Museum and Learning Center

Lawrence, KS
September 4, 2000 through September 29, 2000
University of Kansas

Johnstown, PA
August 10, 2000 through September 18, 2000
Beth Sholom Congregation

Encino, CA
May 11, 2000 through May 21, 2000
Valley Beth Sholom Congregation

Norfolk, VA
April 9, 2000 through July 20, 2000
Jewish Community Center, Tidewater

Chico, CA
April 2, 2000 through May 3, 2000
California State University, Chico

Lexington, KY
April 1, 2000 through April 28, 2000
University of Kentucky at Lexington

Ann Arbor, MI
March 12, 2000 through April 2, 2000
University of Michigan Hillel

West Plains, MO
February 16, 2000 through March 2, 2000
Southwest Missouri State University

Springfield, MO
January 18, 2000 through February 11, 2000
Southwest Missouri State University

Madison, WI
January 1, 2000 through March 1, 2000
Wisconsin War Veterans Museum


Anniston, AL
November 10, 1999 through December 13, 1999
Berman Museum

Edmond, OK
October 26, 1999 through March 11, 2000
Edmond Historical Society

Charlotte, NC
September 15, 1999 through November 15, 1999
Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County

Indiana, PA
September 8, 1999 through October 31, 1999
Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Juneau, AK
August 23, 1999 through September 28, 1999
University of Alaska at Juneau, Egan Library

Fairbanks, AK
July 16, 1999 through August 1, 1999
Alaskaland Civic Center
with the Fairbanks Arts Association

Anchorage, AK
June 6, 1999 through July 7, 1999
Anchorage Municipal Library

Palo Alto, CA
April 11, 1999 through May 23, 1999
Schultz Jewish Community Center

Boulder, CO
April 9, 1999 through April 29, 1999
Boulder Public Library
with the University of Colorado at Boulder

Wheeling, IL
January 31, 1999 through March 28, 1999
Indian Trails Public Library District

Granville, OH
January 22, 1999 through February 19, 1999
Denison University Gallery


Fairmont, WV
November 1, 1998 through November 20, 1998
Fairmont College
with the West Virginia Holocaust Education Commission

Phillipi, WV
October 8, 1998 through October 30, 1998
Daywood Gallery, Alderson-Broaddus College

Las Vegas, NV
April 22, 1998 through May 31, 1998
Las Vegas Museum of Fine Art




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