Henry V Hero Essay

Hero In Shakespeare's 'henry V' And Siegfried Sassoons 'the Hero'

‘Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more’, one of the most celebrated openings to, arguably, the most famous passage within the entire Henry V Shakespeare play. Through this opening we can ascertain that Henry is a character of perseverance and fortitude as he drives his troops into war. Shakespeare’s presentation of Henry is without doubt one of a hero and protagonist as he is presented as a man with a degree of intelligence and allure with motives that are not focused on a lust for power, like most kings, but to his obligations and responsibilities as an exalted rank. It is also apparent from Henry’s indubitably rousing speeches that Shakespeare intends for us to perceive Henry as a hero, or, at the very least, as an estimable king.
On the other hand Siegfried Sassoon’s poem, ‘the hero’, seeks to reveal the facade and sad irony of the traditional image of the ‘war-hero’. Sassoon joined the army himself motivated by patriotism, but after his first-hand experiences he expressed his views on the ‘gritty realism’ of war through his writing. One of his most applauded pieces of work is his poem ‘the hero’ in which he touches upon a very home-hitting matter; the job of a brother officer.
Perhaps Shakespeare’s Henry v character’s most remarkable and heroic quality is his resolve; once Henry has his mind set on accomplishing something he uses every tool at his disposal to see that it is achieved. ‘If we may pass, we will; if we be hinder’d we shall your tawny ground with your red blood discolour’, Henry meticulously presents himself as an unstoppable force to which his enemies must choose to react; although his methods are morally questionable they are an extremely powerful psychological weapon which Henry uses to pressure his enemies into bowing to his will. Henry repeatedly acts in a manner that would be repugnant for an everyday citizen but makes him both a commendable king and hero. This quality of Shakespeare’s Henry is stressed time and again but the most powerfully in which it is conferred is during Henry’s speech with the governor at Harfleur. Henry says to the governor, ‘Therefore to our best mercy give yourselves; or like to men proud of destruction defy us to our worst: for, as I am a soldier’. Henry is bluntly telling the governor that if he does not surrender to Henry then he will be to blame for the carnage that will be wreaked at Harfleur.
Sassoon’s hero, Jack, is a fictional hero conjured by the colonel and the Brother Officer to satisfy the heart of a grieving mother. We can only guess from the contents of the ‘letter that she’d read’ but the brother Officer claims that the ‘gallant lies’ will ‘nourish all her days, no doubt’ from this we get the feel of an epic propaganda filled letter about a martyred son to his proud mother. The hero in this poem exists only in the mind of his mother; ‘he’d been so brave, her glorious boy’. The strength of adoration we gather that she feels for her hero-son is further accentuated...

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The following paper topics are designed to test your understanding of the play as a whole and to analyze important themes and literary devices. Following each question is a sample outline to help get you started.

Topic #1
Henry V is in most respects a model of the ideal king—wise, just, courageous, and kind. Yet there are a number of moments when less praiseworthy qualities seem apparent. It would be an overstatement to say he is a villain, but neither is he as perfect as his surface behavior would indicate. Write an essay showing how the positive qualities in him are to an extent counterbalanced by negative tendencies.

I. Thesis Statement: Although Henry V exhibits the virtues of an ideal English king throughout the play, certain details suggest that some aspects of his nature are less than admirable—indeed, that there are elements of the villain, as well as the hero, in him.

II. Examples of positive and negative behavior
A. Treatment of his friends
Positive: He shows mercy toward a drunken soldier who insulted him.
Negative: He broke Falstaff’s heart by disavowing their earlier friendship.
B. Unmasking of the conspirators Scroop, Grey, and Cambridge
Positive: He cleverly manipulates them into passing judgment on themselves.
Negative: He deviously entraps them rather than forthrightly charging them with treason.
C. Heroism in battle
Positive: He courageously leads the charge into Harfleur and at Agincourt.
Negative: He threatens monstrous punishments at Harfleur—babies spitted on pikes, etc.—and cruelly orders all French captives killed at Agincourt.
D. Compassion
Positive: He weeps at the deaths of York and Suffolk.
Negative: He callously has Bardolph, a former friend, hanged for a minor theft.
E. Personal honesty
Positive: In wooing Katharine, he speaks from his heart as a “plain soldier.”
Negative: He knows she is his by right. The soldier act is false and manipulative.

III. Conclusion: Given the inconsistencies in Henry’s behavior, it is impossible to regard him simply as an ideal king.

Topic #2
In the language of the theater, a “foil” is a character who serves as a contrast to another, illuminating that...

(The entire section is 954 words.)


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