Show MoreIs Odysseus a Hero? There are numerous heroes throughout “The Odyssey,” but none of them are as significant as Odysseus. “The Odyssey” is a narrative poem written by Homer (around 800 and 600 BCE) to show the numerous adventures and experiences Odysseus goes through. Throughout the Odyssey, Odysseus a prominent Greek epic hero is on a quest to return back to his home in Ithaca; to his wife Penelope, and his son Telemachus. Just like real life, not all heroes are picture-perfect; they all have imperfections. In this case, Odysseus is sometimes insolent, and discourteous; but he is still considered an epic hero because of the many heroic qualities he endures. Odysseus proves himself to be an outstanding hero in various ways…show more content…
Not only did he accomplish things needed, but he also helped to save many innocent lives. A true hero would do anything and risk anything in order to save somebody else, which is exactly what Odysseus did which makes him a true hero, for devoting and risking his life for others. Loyalty is one of the most important qualities in the hero, and it is one the many important things Odysseus possesses. Loyalty is when you are faithful and devoted to a person. Odysseus was loyal to a lot of people especially to the gods that helped him along the way, and he was also loyal to his crew members, because if he wasn’t then he would have left the crew, but he didn’t. Anything the gods told him to do he fulfilled each task, even if it made him go even further from where he wanted to go. Even though Odysseus wasn’t quite loyal to Penelope because of the instructions given from Calypso, his heart he was still loyal to her, which proves that he was unendingly loyal to her. Loyalty helped Odysseus a lot because it helped him get through many different obstacles he faced on his journey back home. Not only did it help him get through many obstacles, but it also helped him to keep moving forward towards his family and kingdom waiting for him back home in Ithaca. Throughout “The Odyssey,” Odysseus shows leadership in numerous ways. Leadership is the action of leading a group of people; just like how Odysseus is
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The Heroic Odysseus - With A Free Essay Review
Odysseus has many trials and tribulations throughout his journey home to Ithaca. He experiences captivity, is offered immortality, is subjected to marriage propositions, and escapes the wrath of gods while he defies death and maintains his composure. Odysseus tricks Polyphemus, then he moves forward and kills the men who are pursuing his wife. Odysseus triumphs over those who seek him dead and remains faithful to his ultimate goal of returning to Penelopes arms. Odysseus is a hero because he is audacious, has tactical acumen, and is altruistic as his actions in the following adventures prove.
First, Odysseus displays his audaciousness in Book X while docked on the island of Aeaea. Eurylochus returns to tell Odysseus of a possible trap. Eurylochus says, You will never return yourself, I swear, youll never bring back a single man alive (Homer 390). Immediately, Odysseus disembarks and goes after his men. Going against Eurylochus wishes, Odysseus confirms that although faced with certain death, he will take his chance to secure the livelihood of his men. Odysseus is blatantly courageous because he did not question Eurylochus any further. This act is in direct correlation of Odysseus heroism. A coward would have listened to Eurylochus words and not have taken the risk.
Second, Odysseus shows that he has tactical acumen in Book IX. Polyphemus asks Odysseus about his ship and he replies, Poseidon god of earthquake smashed my ship (377). This act provides evidence that Odysseus outsmarts Polyphemus and deceives him. While stating this to Polyphemus, Odysseus men and ship are still intact. This thoughtful manipulation gives hope of having a boat to escape on if Odysseus can escape from Polyphemus' cave. Odysseus has a broad range of experiences that let him make decisions smartly and tactfully as a hero does.
Last, Odysseus shows altruistic character in Book XXII when he kills all the men trying to oppress his family and found, in the thick of slaughtered corpses, splattered with bloody filth like a lion (540). There is not a better quote to reemphasize that Odysseus is a hero! A hero such as Odysseus prepares to do anything within his power to save his family, workers, and land. As a hero, he puts his people before himself, displaying that he genuinely cares about them. A person who will perform and act upon the feelings felt for another is a hero. Odysseus is also altruistic when he does not want any women exposed to the slaying; he commands them to go to specified rooms and wait until the men come to them.
Odysseus encounters numerous threats during his adventure home and upon saving his family in Ithaca. This is truly remarkable and heroic. After years of being apart from his family, Odysseus prevails during all of his experiences. As a character, he is a hero through his acts of audaciousness, having tactical acumen, and being altruistic. First, Odysseus is fearless when he disregards Eurylochus advice not to disembark the ship. This is not something a coward would do, but only a hero. Second, his display of heroism happens when he tricks Polyphemus to protect his men and escapes death. Saving a persons life is worthy of being hero. Lastly, Odysseus display as being altruistic when he saves his family from their oppressors is a habit a hero must possess. He kills the men, thus protecting his family, workers, and the land.
Homer. "The Odyssey." Trans. Robert Fagles. The Norton Anthology World Literature, Shorter Second Edition. Ed. Sarah Lawall et al. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Norton, 2009. 274-563. Print. 2 vols.
I think you do a reasonable good, methodical job of demonstrating the truth of your thesis. The argument is convincing enough as long as your reader agrees with your list of the characteristics of heroism, and of course there is nothing especially controversial about those characteristics. It is reasonable, because it is traditional, to associate heroism with bravery, for instance. Keep in mind, however, that heroic qualities are also necessarily exceptional, so one would probably not want to compare a hero with a coward ("A coward would have listened to Eurylochus words and not have taken the risk"), since not being a coward does not amount to being exceptional. If you said that even your average stout-hearted warrior would have balked at taking the risk Odysseus assumes, then we'd know what kind of hero Odysseus is.
Your penultimate paragraph begins a little oddly in asserting that Odysseus "shows [his] altruistic character" in killing a bunch of men. Its not clear to me why you should emphasize altruism when the very quotation you cite emphasizes the magnitude and ferocity of Odysseus' bloody feat, and Penelope herself emphasizes the exceptional character of such a feat when she asks the nurse how Odysseus could have done such a thing alone (the word is "single-handed" in your translation); the fact that he acts alone is, I think, fundamentally related to his stature as a hero.
Ultimately, I'm not sure it is reasonable to read the Odyssey with a view to seeing whether Odysseus demonstrates the traits of heroism. The Odyssey, after all, is one of the works of literature that teaches us what the traits of heroism are in the first place. So if it were up to me, and I were determined to write about heroism in the Odyssey, I would aim not to show that Odysseus is a hero, but to ask what he teaches us about heroism.
In any case, it would of course be difficult to argue with your basic thesis that Odysseus is a hero. A good thesis, however, really needs to be arguable to some extent; i.e., it needs to be the kind of claim that doesnt go without saying, the kind that reasonable people might disagree with.
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