The Palace Of Wind : Hawa Mahal
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, the king of Jaipur was a prominent person from a royal family who was known for his excellence and knowledge in the whole globe. His establishments in the city Jaipur are the amazing piece of art elaborating the ravishing and breathe taking exemplar of knowledge and brain. Along with excellence, the king of Jaipur was very peculiar about the culture of the city which is filled with rich heritage of the state. Till today, the Rajasthani people and culture shares a unique residence which exceptionally defines the richness of their values and customs. One of his achievements in the same is defined by “HawaMahal”. The establishment of this famous monument redefines the creativity and excellence of mind used in daily pleasure activities. One such renowned monument in Jaipur famous for its excellent architecture and concept is HAWA MAHAL. Hawa mahal is also known as “palace of winds”. Jaipur Hawa Mahal is one of the best Jaipur tourists places to the guests and tourist in pinkcity. Every guests and tourists are recorded to be impressed by the architecture and the history behind the establishment of royal palace of winds.
Beauty Of Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is the five storey palace which is located in heart and soul of the pinkcity which was established in the year 1799 under the rule of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. The architecture of the building is so build that it concrete the shape of a pyramid with total of 953 windows uniquely carved in the Rajasthani pattern and designs. Lal Chand ustad, the architect of Hawa Mahal was told to build this palace in order to enable the queens and other women from royal families to enjoy the view of nature by the windows which serves the purpose of freezing winds inside the palace.
Talking about its architecture, palace shares the height of 50 feet from ground designed in the manner of a castle along with small windows. One interesting fact about Hawa Mahal states that the thickness of the walls of the palace are even lesser than a foot but beautifully carved on thin shield with erect position. The name Hawa Mahal was given to the palace, as the winds blowing in the palace were freezing and creating a soothing surrounding in the palace. out of the five storey, the top three storey of the palace have a thickness of a room with bottom two storey furnished with beautifully designed courtyards on the three sides of the palace. the place ensures the beautiful and breathe taking views of the entire city from the city which feels like the royal glimpse of the city under the open sky.
One may not be aware of the fact that the appearance of this palace resembles to the crown of Lord Krishna in the form of peacock feathers. King Sawai Pratap singh was a biggest devotee of Lord Krishna and thus created this idea of building Hawa Mahal as a dedication to his almighty. During the rule of kings in Jaipur, Purdaah system was followed by the royal women in the city. They were not allowed to talk or interact with outside people or strangers. This became one of the strong reasons of the creation of this palace which helped the royal women enjoy the beauty of nature through the windows of this palace. Hawa Mahal is registered as one exemplar portraying dignity and honor of the city in the history pages of Rajasthan. The palace of winds plays a vital role in uplifting the social and renowned responsibilities which is running from more than a decade ago by the kings of the city.
Hawa Mahal, built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, is one of the most important monuments of Jaipur. Let’s have a look at its architecture, history, visit timing and some interesting facts
When was it built: 1799
Who built it: Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh
Where is it located: Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Why was it built: For the royal women to enjoy the events and festivals in the street
Architectural Style: Blend of Hindu Rajput architecture and the Islamic Mughal architecture
Visit Timing: Daily, 9:30 am to 4:30 pm
How to Reach: The city of Jaipur is well-connected with other Indian cities by air, rail and road and also with some international cities by air. The Jaipur International Airport is situated at Sanganer, a southern suburb at a distance of 13 kilometres from Jaipur.
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Hawa Mahal or the 'Palace Of The Winds' located in the heart of the beautiful Pink City of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India, is one of the most famous tourist attractions and a prominent landmark of the city that is renowned for its rich cultural and architectural history. Built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty, this beautiful structure is predominantly a high screen wall made of pink and red sandstone that facilitated royal women to get an eyeful of the street festivals and busy city life while remaining out of the view of public. This five-storey building in the shape of a crown of Lord Krishna with 953 jharokhas or windows and a beautifully decorated façade resembling a honeycomb of a beehive that gives one a feel of the rich heritage of the Rajputs.
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History & Later Developments
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of the great Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who built Jaipur, constructed the Hawa Mahal in 1799. He was so impressed with the Khetri Mahal built by Maharaja Bhopal Singh in the town of Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan that he embarked on constructing the Hawa Mahal that today stands as a remarkable gem of Rajput style of architecture. It was built as an extension of the Royal City Palace and leads to the zenana or women's chambers. One of the main reasons of constructing this beautiful mahal decorated with fine lattice windows and screened balconies was to facilitate the royal Rajput women, who otherwise followed the strict Purdah system and refrained from appearing in public, in getting a glimpse of the daily events, royal processions and festivals taking place on the streets. This way they could enjoy their sense of freedom while maintaining their customs.
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Architecture & Design of Hawa Mahal
The architect of this unique five-storied pyramidal palace with a height of 15 m from its elevated base was Lal Chand Ustad. The design of the building showcases an excellent blend of Hindu Rajput architecture with that of the Islamic Mughal architecture. The former style is palpable from the fluted pillars, floral patterns and domed canopies while the arches and stone inlay filigree work are manifestations of the latter style.
Keeping in line with other famous landmarks of the city, which is aptly tagged as the ‘Pink City’, this monument was built with red and pink sandstones. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh’s devotion towards Lord Krishna is manifested from the design of the structure of the palace that resembles the crown of the Lord. Although not exactly a palace, it looks like one from the street. The façade of the building intricately carved with beautiful motifs is cognate to that of the honeycomb of a beehive. Several potholes of the structure each having small lattice windows, chiselled sandstone grill and decorated domes give the building a look of a mass of semi-octagonal bays. There are a total of 953 elaborately carved jharokhas or windows, some of which are made of wood. These jharokhas were build in such a manner that air circulates naturally through them creating Venturi effect (doctor breeze) thus air conditioning the entire structure during the hot summers. Each jharokha has a small chamber where one can sit and view the street. Fountains at the middle of each chamber complimented well with the light wind flowing through the jharokhas thus enhancing the cooling effect of the chambers.
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The brilliantly conceived design, style and construction of the mahal made it the favourite resort of Maharaja Jai Singh and became famous as his masterpiece. An imperial door from the city palace side leads to the entrance of the Hawa Mahal. Three two-storied buildings enclose a large courtyard on three sides with the Hawa Mahal located on its eastern side. The courtyard presently houses an archaeological museum. The interior of the mahal consisting of chambers as also passages and pillars leading to the top storey is however quite plain and simple compared to the ornamented exterior. The width of the top three storeys is that of a single room while the first two storeys have courtyards. There are no stairs in the building and top storeys can be reached only by ramps.
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A Visit to the Hawa Mahal
The Hawa Mahal that attracts national and international tourists visiting Jaipur is located in the southern part of the city on Hawa Mahal Rd, Badi Choupad. It can be visited on all days from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm, however it is best viewed early in the morning when the golden rays of the Sun fall on this royal building giving it a more elegant and gorgeous look. The ancient artefacts preserved in the museum of the mahal give one a glimpse of the rich past, the cultural heritage and the exuberant lifestyle of the Rajputs. One can avail a taxi or book a car to reach the destination. As summers in Rajasthan are too hot, the best time to visit Jaipur is from October to March when the weather of the city becoms pleasant.