The one man who is known as “The Father of Indian Unrest” is “Lokmanya” Bal Gandhar Tilak. These two titles of Tilak have the different meanings. According to Britishers, he was the father of Indian unrest because he was the man who stood the Indian people for the first time against British Government and from that time the rest of British Government in India was gone and never came back.
Tilak was the man who awaken the Indians about their rights and worst condition from where they had to live because of the British Raj. Tilak was strict against the rule of any other country or person over India.
He declared, Swaraj (self rule) is my birth right and 1 must take it” His slogan was on the mouth of every Indian and before Gandhiji he was the first man which approach towards Indians was so deep, that is why he was called ‘The Father of Indian Unrest” According to Indians he was “Lokmanya” it means that he was a man who was honoured by the people of India.
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His approach towards the people was too deep and he was the first man who stood the people in front of British Raj. Tilak was born on July 23, 1856 at Ratanagiri, a small coastal town in a middle class family. He passed B.A. in first class. After Graduation in law he helped to found a school which laid emphasis on nationalism. He started newspapers “Kesari and “Maratha”. Both papers tried to teach Indians of their glorious past and remainded them to be self-reliant (Swadeshi)-
After capturing political power in India the British Government damaged the financial structure of India. The British Government took the raw material from India and after manufacturing goods over their factories imposed these goods to Indian people and they had to bought them because the Indian industries was closed by the Britishers. For Britishers India became such a place from where they can grasp the raw material for their industries and then sale their manufacturing goods here.
Tilak was very angry to saw this behaviour of British Government because by this England because richer and India became poorer. He tried to awake the Indian people and breathe life into the moribund nation through four mantras,
(i) Buycott of foreign goods,
(2) National Education,
(3) Self- Government
(4) Swadeshi or Self-reliance.
He told the masses, “We have no arms, but there is no necessity. But our strong political weapon is boycott (of foreign goods). Organize your powers and then go to work so that they cannot refuse you what you demand”
He wrote the articles on Nationalism in his newspapers which create tensions and troubles for British Government because of this he sent to Jail in 1908 for 6 years. In this period of 6 years he wrote his famous commentary on Bhagwad- Gita in Mandalay Jail. He established “Poona Home rule league” and with Irish lady Annie Besant’s “India Home-rule league”, Tilak started Home-rule movement which created a lot of troubles for British Government.
When he returned from jail in 1914 he was the unquestioned leader of India and till his death on August 1, 1920. He was a man who devoted his whole life to Nation. He wrote two books “Geeta Rahasya” and “Arctic Home of Aryas”
He also started two festivals in Maharashtra because of these festivals he tried to collect people and motivate them towards the freedom struggle of our country. He started Ganpati Jayanti” and “Shivaji Jayanti” in Maharashtra and very soon both these festivals became very popular in Maharashtra.
Both these festivals celebrated with joy and happiness till today in Maharashtra and many other parts of our country. So Tilak did everything to brae the sleep of Indians and motivate them towards freedom struggle. He definitely a greatest son of our Motherland.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (23 July1856 – 1 August1920), born Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, was a popular leader of the people who fought for Indian independence during the Indian Independence Movement. He was a journalist, teacher, social reformer, playwright, and lawyer. He was also a political extremist. He founded the Home Rule League in 1915. He was given the epithets "Father of the Indian unrest" by the British colonial authorities and “Father of Indian Consciousness”. Tilak was also addressed by the honorific "Lokmanya" (meaning: "Accepted by the people as their leader). A coin bearing Lokmanya's image has been issued.
- Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
- Said by Tilak as one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj" (self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousnessin "The Political Thought of Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak", By K. S. Bharathi, page 38
- Freedom is my birthright. I must have it.
- Another version of the above in Great Personalities, p=153
- Progress is implied in independence. Without self-government neither industrial progress is possible, nor the educational scheme will be useful to the nation…To make efforts for India’s freedom is more important than social reforms.
- Hunt, Frazier (1931). Great Personalities. New York Life Insurance Company. pp. 153–.
- If God is put up with untouchability, I will not call him God.
- Hunt, Frazier (1931). Great Personalities. New York Life Insurance Company. pp. 153–.
- It may be providence's will that the cause I represent may prosper more by my suffering than by my remaining free.
- The curriculum of the girl’s school should be vernacular, needle work and sanitation...teaching women amounted to loss of nationality... English education had [a] de-womanising impact on women by denying them a happy worldly life...hurt the sentiments of the Hindus…teaching Hindu women to read English would ruin their precious traditional virtues and would make them immoral and subordinate.
- ...for destroying the harmony in the villages by interfering on behalf of the peasants and betraying the money lender.
- His Criticism and opposition to the Agriculturist Relief Act 1879 and the reformist movement launched by others. Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Popular Readings, Page=15.
- The Vedic hymns were sung in post glacial times (8,000BC) by poets who had inherited their knowledge or contents thereof from their antediluvian forefathers.
- In the early geological ages, when the Alps were low and the Himalayas not yet upheaved... from geological evidence of fossil and fauna, we find that an equitable climate and uniform climate prevailed over the whole surface of the globe. It is now conclusively proved that before the advent of glacial and inter-glacial periods a luxurious forest vegetation... flourished in the high latitude of the polar regions where the Sun goes below the horizon from November till March, thus showing that a warm climate prevailed in the Arctic regions in those days
- It is true that lack of rain causes famine but it is also true that the people of India have not the strength to fight the evil. The poverty of India is wholly due to the present rule. India is being bled till only the skeleton remains…all the vitality of the people is being sapped and we are left in an emaciated state of slavery.
- It has been said, gentlemen, by some that we Hindus have yielded too much to our Mohammedan brethern. I am sure I represent the sense of the Hindu community all over India when I say that we could not have yielded too much. I would not care if the rights of selfgovernment are granted to the Mohammedan community only.... When we have to fight against a third party — it is a very important thing that we stand on this platform united, united in race, united in religion, united as regards all different shades of political creed.
- Tilak, quoted in Law in the Scientific Era by M. Hidayatullah
- Belief in the Vedas, many means, no strict rule for worship: these are the features of the Hindu religion.
- Tilak, reproduced in V.D. Savarkar: Hindutva, and quoted in Elst, Koenraad (2002). Who is a Hindu?: Hindu revivalist views of Animism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and other offshoots of Hinduism. ISBN 978-8185990743
- In India there was only one natural aggressive nationalist and he was Tilak.
- Stated by Montague, Secretary of State for India.Hunt, Frazier (1931). Great Personalities. New York Life Insurance Company. pp. 153–.
- Love of India was the breath of life with Mr. Tilak and in it he has left to us a treasure, which can only increase, by use. The endless procession of yesterday shows the hold the great patriot had on the masses.
- The Congress movement was for a long time purely occidental in its mind, character and methods, confined to the English-educated few, founded on the political rights and interests of the people read in the light of English history and European ideals, but with no roots either in the past of the country or in the inner spirit of the nation.... To bring in the mass of the people, to found the greatness of the future on the greatness of the past, to infuse Indian politics with Indian religious fervour and spirituality are the indispensable conditions for a great and powerful political awakening in India. Others, writers, thinkers, spiritual leaders, had seen this truth. Mr. Tilak was the first to bring it into the actual field of practical politics..... There are always two classes of political mind: one is preoccupied with details for their own sake, revels in the petty points of the moment and puts away into the background the great principles and the great necessities, the other sees rather these first and always and details only in relation to them. The one type moves in a routine circle which may or may not have an issue; it cannot see the forest for the trees and it is only by an accident that it stumbles, if at all, on the way out. The other type takes a mountain-top view of the goal and all the directions and keeps that in its mental compass through all the deflections, retardations and tortuosities which the character of the intervening country may compel it to accept; but these it abridges as much as possible. The former class arrogate the name of statesman in their own day; it is to the latter that posterity concedes it and sees in them the true leaders of great movements. Mr. Tilak, like all men of pre-eminent political genius, belongs to this second and greater order of mind.
- Sri Aurobindo, (From an introduction to a book entitled Speeches and Writings of Tilak.), quoted from Sri Aurobindo, ., Nahar, S., Aurobindo, ., & Institut de recherches évolutives (Paris). India's rebirth: A selection from Sri Aurobindo's writing, talks and speeches. Paris: Institut de Recherches Evolutives. 3rd Edition (2000).